Differential diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies in adults – the first step when approaching a patient with muscle weakness
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Submission date: 2018-06-25
Final revision date: 2018-09-11
Acceptance date: 2018-09-26
Online publication date: 2018-10-31
Publication date: 2018-10-31
Reumatologia 2018;56(5):307–315
Despite its misleading adjective, the most commonly used diagnostic criteria of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are applicable only after all other non-autoimmune muscle diseases have been excluded. It makes differential diagnosis the first step when approaching a patient with muscle weakness. This article is designed to list the most common conditions from which to differentiate in rheumatological care. In fact, many patients with the diseases described here have been initially misdiagnosed with IIM. For the purpose of this article, only the most commonly found and important conditions according to the authors are listed with the essence of information; other autoimmune muscle diseases, such as sarcoidosis and eosinophilic myositis, are not portrayed. The attached bibliography may serve as a source, when further exploration of a specific subject is needed.
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